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Virtualization with VMware ESX 4 and vCenter 4
VMware Training Overview

This class is a 5-day intense introduction to virtualization using VMware’s immensely popular vSphere™ suite including VMware ESX™ 4 and vCenter™ 4. Assuming no prior virtualization experience, this class starts with the basics and rapidly progresses to more advanced topics. More than 40% of class time is devoted to labs so concepts and skills are reinforced.

Initial labs focus on installation and configuration of stand-alone ESX servers. As the class progresses, shared storage, networking and centralized management are introduced. The class then continues on to more advanced topics including resource balancing, high availability, back up and recovery, troubleshooting and more. Disaster recovery, rapid deployment, hot migration and workload consolidation are also covered.

This class is unique in its approach; which is to identify common IT pain points and then clearly explain and demonstrate how virtualization delivers immediate, tangible benefits (e.g.: reduced capital and operational costs, greater consistency, responsiveness, reduced administration, server consolidation, etc.). Each topic is presented from the perspective of delivering key business and/or economic value – not just the technical or mechanical aspects of the software.

By the end of the class, attendees will have learned the benefits, skills, mechanics and best practices of virtualization. Attendees will be able to design, implement, deploy, configure, monitor, manage, troubleshoot and secure VMware vSphere 4.

VMware Training Objectives

At the end of the course, attendees will be able to:
  • Explain the many significant benefits of virtualization
  • Install ESX Server according to best practices
  • Configure and manage local storage
  • Create virtual, distributed virtual, and virtual to physical LAN segments
  • Understand and use shared SAN storage including Fibre SAN, iSCSI SAN
  • Define and use NAS datastores
  • Install, configure and administer VMware vCenter
  • Create virtual machines, install operating systems and applications
  • Rapidly deployment of VMs using golden-master templates
  • Create clones - one-time copies of virtual machine
  • Perform VM cold migrations, hot migrations and Storage VMotion
  • Configure, manage, monitor and secure users and groups
  • Understand the benefits and trade offs of network, SAN, VMware Consolidated Back Up and third party back up solutions
  • Create and manage load balanced clusters
  • Understand, create and manage high availability clusters to protect against VM service loss caused by ESX server failures
  • Monitor and tune both ESX and virtual machine performance
  • Patch management using vCenter Update Manager
  • Understand how VMware and third party products, including operating systems, are impacted by virtualization
  • Troubleshoot common problems
VMware Training Audience

  • System architects or others who need to design virtual infrastructure
  • Senior administrators responsible for technical design and implementation of new Virtual Infrastructure projects
  • Security specialists responsible for monitor, managing, securing and administering Virtual Infrastructure
  • Operators responsible for day-to-day operation of Virtual Infrastructure
  • Performance and capacity analysts who need to understand, provision, monitor and performance tune Virtual Infrastructure
  • Backup Administrators who need to understand the impact of existing and new back up strategies in a virtual environment
VMware Training Prerequisites

Attendees should have user, operator or administrator experience on common operating systems such as Microsoft Windows®, Linux™, UNIX™ or other platforms. Experience installing, configuring and managing operating systems, storage systems and or networks is useful but not required. We assume that all attendees have a basic familiarity with PC server hardware, disk partitioning, IP addressing, O/S installation, etc.

No Linux command line skills are assumed or required.

Course duration

5 Days

VMware Training Course outline

Chapter 1 - Virtualization Infrastructure
  • Virtualization explained
  • How VMware virtualization compares to traditional PC deployments
  • Common pain points of physical deployments
  • How virtualization effectively addresses issues and brings new
  • VMware vSphere software products
Chapter 2 - Stand Alone ESX Server Installation
  • Understanding ESXi and full ESX
  • Selecting, validating and preparing your server
  • Sizing Service Console and VMkernel resources
  • Storage controllers, disks and partitions
  • Software installation and licensing
  • Installation recommendations and best practices
  • First look at the VMware vSphere Client
Chapter 3 - Virtual and Physical Networking
  • vNetwork standard and distributed virtual Switches
  • Virtual Switches, Ports and Port Groups
  • Service Console and VMkernel ports
  • Creating, sizing Virtual Switches
Chapter 4 - NAS Shared Storage
  • Benefits Shared Storage offer to Virtual Infrastructure
  • Shared Storage options
  • NFS Overview
  • Configuring ESX to use NFS Shares
  • Troubleshooting NFS connections
Chapter 5 - Virtual Hardware and Virtual Machines
  • VM virtual hardware, options and limits
  • Sizing and creating a new VM
  • Assigning, modifying and removing Virtual Hardware
  • Working with a VM’s BIOS
  • VMware remote console applications
  • Installing an OS into a VM
  • Driver installation and customization
  • VM best practices for monitoring and scalability
  • Understanding what should and should not be virtualized
Chapter 6 - vCenter
  • vCenter architectural and feature overview
  • vCenter components
  • VMware Licensing
Chapter 7 - vCenter Inventory
  • vCenter's views into Virtual Infrastructure
  • Role of the datacenter
  • Using folders to impart political, geographic or technical boundaries
  • Importing ESX hosts into vCenter management
  • Troubleshooting vCenter
Chapter 8 - VM Rapid Deployment using Templates, Clones
  • Templates - Virtual Machine Golden Master images
  • Creating, modifying, updating and working with Templates
  • Patching, and refreshing Templates
  • Cloning, one time copies of VMs
  • Best practices for cloning and templating
  • Performance considerations
Chapter 9 - ESX and vCenter Permission Model
  • VMware Security model
  • Configuring local users and groups
  • Managing local permissions
  • vCenter security model
  • Local, Domain and Active Directory users and groups
  • How permissions are applied
Chapter 10 - Advanced Virtual Networking
  • Uplinking Virtual and Physical Network segments using NICs
  • Distributed virtual switches and distributed Port Groups
  • NIC teaming for redundancy and Performance
  • Connecting to vLANs
  • Enhanced Network Security
  • Virtual routers and firewalls
  • Assigning physical NICs to VMs
Chapter 11 - Using Fibre and iSCSI Shared Storage
  • Fibre SAN overview
  • Identifying and using Fibre Host Bus Adapters
  • Scanning and Rescanning Fibre SANs
  • Partitioning and formatting Fibre SAN Storage
  • Performance and redundancy considerations and best practices
  • iSCSI overview
  • Virtual and physical iSCSI adapters
  • Creating virtual iSCSI adapters
  • Connecting to iSCSI storage
  • Scanning and rescanning iSCSI SANS
  • Performance and redundancy considerations and best practices
Chapter 12 - VMware File System (VMFS)
  • VMFS Overview
  • Unique file system properties of VMFS
  • Managing shared Volumes
  • Creating new VMFS partitions
  • Managing VMFS capacity with LUN spanning
  • Native and 3rd party Multipathing with Fibre and iSCSI SANs
  • VMFS performance considerations
Chapter 13 - Resource Management and Resource Pools
  • How ESX delivers resources to VMs
  • Shares, Reservations and Limits
  • CPU resource scheduling
  • Memory resource scheduling
  • Disk I/O bandwidth management
  • Network bandwidth management
  • Resource Pools
Chapter 14 - VM Hot and Cold Migration, Storage VMotion
  • Moving Virtual Machines
  • Cold Migrations to new ESX hosts, datastores
  • Hot Migrations with VMotion
  • VMotion requirements and dependencies
  • How VMotion works – detailed explanation
  • Troubleshooting VMotion
  • Storage VMotion for hot VM disk migrations
Chapter 15 – Load Balancing w. Distributed Resource Scheduler
  • Delegated resource management with Resource Pools
  • Resource balanced clusters with VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
  • DRS Cluster configuration and tuning
  • Isolation response and per-VM policy overrides
Chapter 16 – Failure Recover with High Availability Clusters
  • High Availability options
  • Manually take ownership of a VM from a failed server
  • VMware High Availability clusters
  • VMware Fault Tolerance
Chapter 17 – Back Up, Recovery and ESX Updates
  • Pro’s and Con’s of traditional back up strategies
  • Backup and recovery with VMware Data Recovery
  • Third party back up solutions
  • Backing up the ESX Service Console
  • Applying ESX patches with VMware vCenter Update Manager
Chapter 18 – Guided Consolidation
  • Using Guided Consolidation to identify physical PCs and servers
  • Selecting Domains and Workgroups
  • Selecting PCs and Servers for monitoring
  • Generating recommendations for physical to virtual migrations
Chapter 19 - Consolidation with vCenter Converter
  • vCenter Converter overview
  • Converting physical machines, virtual machines and OS Images
  • Cold migrations of physical machines to virtual machines
  • Hot migrations of physical machines to virtual machines
  • Performing physical to virtual conversions from Guided Consolidation
Chapter 20 – Effective Performance Monitoring
  • VMkernel CPU and memory resource management mechanisms
  • Identifying and resolving resource contention
  • Monitoring VM and ESX host performance
  • Configuring and customizing resource based alarms
  • Performance and capacity planning strategies
Chapter 21 – ESX and vCenter Alarms
  • VMware Capacity Planner overview
  • Finding and monitoring physical workloads
  • Reviewing physical server performance data

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